How to Search for Rare Challenge Coins

Collecting challenge coins has become a fairly popular hobby throughout the past several years. There used to be a time when most people didn’t even know about these coins, much less have an interest in collecting them.

There are so many coins out there to choose from. It’s easy to find some coins since some of them were produced in high quantity. Then there are those coins that most people will never get to have.

Many of those who have just started their collection don’t really have a clue on how to find the more rare coins. Anyone who wants to add rare coins to their collection should prepare themselves for the task at hand. Finding these rare challenge coins can drive people mad. It takes a great deal of time and effort to find some of the rarest coins in the market. In the event that they do find the coin that they want, there’s still the chance that the person who owns it might not be willing to trade or sell it.

Farming for rare coins on e-commerce websites

challenge coinsA lot of rare coins can actually be found on e-commerce websites. Most coin traders and sellers understand that most people turn to websites like eBay to find the stuff that they want. This of course includes collectible coins.

The advantage to using e-commerce websites is that they’re very easy to use and accessible. It doesn’t take a genius to figure out how to use one. It’s probably the main reason why so many merchants like to trade or sell their challenge coins on the internet.

All a person really has to do is type the name of the coin they’re looking for and look at the results.

The downside to looking for military coins on the internet is that some people are less than honest. This is a risk that people simply have to take. The best way to avoid scammers is by checking out the person’s reputation. Some people have been selling and trading military coins for quite some time already. A trader’s reputation is often a good sign that he can be trusted and that his coins are the real deal.

Forum shopping for rare challenge coins

Another way to look for rare coins is to go forums. Some people find the best coins by going forum shopping. There are so many websites like www.challengecoins4less.com, dedicated to people who like to collect coins and not just military coins, but coins in general.

A lot of these people have a tremendous amount of knowledge when it comes to coins. Maybe, just maybe, people on the forums can point a person in the right direction, or better yet, introduce them to someone who might own the coin that they’re looking for.

These websites even have specific forum threads or sections of the forum dedicated to buying and trading coins. This is an excellent place to look for rare coins.

Looking for coins on the internet will probably take a tremendous amount of time and effort, but for those dedicated to expanding their collection, the effort can be very worth it.

Finding them by word of mouth

Another simple way of hunting for rare military coins is by simply going around and asking people. There are plenty of people who still work in the military or have retired that may have an idea where to get those rare coins.

After all, these coins were issued to members of the military so the people who are in the best position to find them are those who were given these challenge coins in the first place.

Why are silicone bracelets so popular?

Regardless of age, gender, or culture, silicone bracelets are a popular way to spread awareness of specific causes or as memorabilia from a particular event. This type of wristband is available in all sizes, colors, and it can also come with writing or images that can be made in bulk or per piece for the purposes of promoting a business. With its popularity continuing to grow despite of changes in trending topics, it is slowly becoming clear that silicone bracelets are here to stay.

silicone braceletsSilicone bracelets first came to public awareness when they were used as a strategy to promote the causes of the Lance Armstrong Foundation. The bracelets were etched with designs and were released to the public even when the foundation had no events. The bracelets became such a huge hit that other charities decided to enter the bracelet market and use the popularity of the silicone bracelets in order to further their own causes. Today, these bracelets are being used by charity organizations, churches, and even political parties in order to raise awareness of the existence and the causes of these organizations.

The organizers should always bear in mind that the value of these bracelets is great, and they are made with pure silicone. As of today, many manufacturers of silicone products also offer the production of bracelets to potential customers, thanks to its seemingly unending popularity. Mostly, organizations buy the bracelets in bulks, and they do the transactions online. Not only is it more convenient to shop online, but it is also a money saver to purchase the bracelets in bulk rather than in any other way.

There are four main reasons why organizations use silicone bracelets:

They yield high profit and they are relatively cheap to produce. As a material in itself, silicone has a lot of usages. Not only that, because it is extremely abundant, it is also not expensive. Therefore, when organizers buy bracelets in bulks, they do not upset the cost of silicone in the market so much even if they sell it at their determined price in order to raise money for their own causes.All of our customized wristbands are also made from 100% pure silicone rubber. Visit the-wristband-factory.com for more detail.

The use of these bracelets also makes other forms of advertisement or marketing unnecessary. People often want to have something that they can touch or use from an organization if they are to remember that organization. Since it is already cheap to make especially if the requested quantity is big, and since it can be sold at a low price and still be a way to gain a lot of money, these bracelets have proven to have more of a selling and advertising power than commercials.

There are many colors and sizes to choose from. The color of the bracelets can be changed or determined based on the theme of the organization, or on the problem they are bringing awareness to. For instance, environmental awareness would often require the color green, whereas AIDS awareness would require red. In addition to colors, it is also possible to put designs on the wristbands, such as images and lettering, which further detail what the cause of the organization is, or what the name of the organization is. Churches also usually put short verses from the Bible on their wristbands.

The bracelets themselves provide the sense of unity and friendship among those who have it. In addition, the bracelets also help managers and organizers keep track of how much progress they are making when it comes to spreading word about their organization and their cause. For example, a particular organization which aims to empower women may be sold to more than 40 million people. This means that 40 million people are now aware of the organization and its cause.

7 Secrets Realtors Won’t Tell Buyers and Sellers

Realtors from reputable firms can be trustworthy most of the time. However, that doesn’t mean that they are telling you everything you need to know as a seller or as a buyer.

Let us divulge seven secrets you’ll surely want to know : 

1. The best properties are sometimes not listed.

Real EstatesThere is what realtors call the “reservation system” where the really good properties are directly offered to wealthy buyers before putting them on the market. Sometimes, the realtors would advise sellers to wait for a possible negotiation before putting the property in the Multiple Listing Service (MLS) database because this usually gives them higher commission but lower marketing expense.

This “reservation system” is the reason why we exist. As a property finder and  real estate agents, www.li-realestatefinder.com helps to list all the best options for buyers and find the best realtor for the job.

2. A property may not be as valuable as the seller thinks it is.

An experienced realtor would easily know a real estate’s real value with just one inspection. Sometimes, the address gives it all.

However, most realtors won’t tell sellers that their houses are not as valuable as they think they are for two reasons. First, they don’t want to offend the sellers, especially if the hard-earned properties have a lot of precious memories with them. Second, they don’t want to lose the sellers as clients. Most of the time, realtors would wait for the signing first before breaking the news to the sellers.

The good news is that they would still tell the sellers the truth at some point in the process of marketing. Whether the sellers will take it lightly or not is the big problem.

3. Realtors are mandated by law to report major property issues to buyers.

It’s included in their legal obligations when they were given license by the state. Any problems about the real estate they are selling, whether personally discovered or declared by the seller, should be reported to all buyers. This is good news for buyers, but definitely not for sellers and realtors. Obviously, problems can push prices down, which give realtors lower commissions.

It’s hard to go around this violation if a buyer doesn’t know that there is a violation to begin with. Hence, all buyers should be vigilant. The information we provide in this website are intended for that reason.

4. All offers should be recorded in black and white.

Every offer a buyer makes should be put on paper for formality and disclosure. Some realtors think that this is an unnecessary step since the information would be passed on to the seller anyway. So, why bother writing down and printing every step of the negotiation? It’s because any problem that emerges as the negotiation pushes through usually requires documentary support. It doesn’t hurt to be too safe, does it?

5. Commissions are not untouchable.

Normally, commissions are not even talked about between a realtor and buyer. In fact, the commission is none of the buyer’s concern. This is a matter between the seller and the realtor.

However, for the sake of transparency, a buyer should know that realtors could always change their commission rate if they want to. In fact, many of them do it to close deals of a lifetime or please special and loyal clients.

In the real estate industry, a lowered commission is still far better than a lost commission. When both the seller and buyer are adamant on their prices, sometimes, it is the realtor that gets in between to meet the price, even if it means giving up half of his commission. This is usually the case for properties that have been in the market with no prospective buyers for a long time. It’s only natural that a realtor would immediately jump on the opportunity that rarely happens.

6. Realtors are not financial advisers.

If you think that heeding a realtor’s advice regarding investments is a smart move, it shows how gullible you can be out there. Realtors are trained and licensed to sell, not give financial advice. As a matter of fact, many of them have no idea about financial management at all.

They are more on the negotiation part. They know how to convince people. They know how to pamper their clients. They know the properties they are selling and the real estate industry they are moving around. However, they are not experts when it comes to making your money grow. Managing a property is also the job of property managers.

7. Seventy percent of show requests go unanswered.

Seven out of 10 people who inquire about a listed property do not get the answer they need. You are very lucky if you always belong to the 30%.

Realtors are busy negotiating with buyers and arranging selling terms and prices with sellers. They have a queue of buyers from which they can get commissions, so a request usually falls on deaf ears.

Most realtors prioritize clients who they think are really serious in buying. These are the ones who make a call during office hours and talk to the realtor in person. Why would a realtor entertain faceless inquirers if he has a lot of potential buyers stepping in right into his office?

Strategies to Become One of the Successful Motivational speakers

Do you have valuable information to share with people that can change their lives for the better? Become one of the successful motivational speakers of your time. Here are the strategies.

Write a substantive, brilliant, funny, and rich story good for a one-hour speech. Make sure that it is different from the excellent pieces of great motivational speakers.

Ensure that you are not going to present what you have prepared until it is well-written. The best test to know that what you have written is ready to be presented is through presenting it to professional meetings from the industry who can provide substantial critique – from the content of your speech, to the delivery style, to what you are wearing and to the things you have been doing while presenting.

You have to know the things that are effective and working. Make sure that you are not going to rely on your friends’ feedback because they might just tell you the good stuff that you do. They love you and they do not want to hurt your feelings. Seek for your friends’ feedback if they are amazing motivational speakers themselves.

One ideal way to know also if what you have written is good through delivering it for free or at a low fee to some groups. You need to be aware on your performance through experience.

Hire a professional videographer to capture your performance on several sessions. Quality video with excellent sound and lighting can give you a clearer view of what it is like when you are on stage conducting your motivational speech. Your videos are one of the best tools that you can use to market yourself.

Hire also a professional editor who has ideas on what organizers of seminars and conferences are looking for.

SpeakerInvest on a professional website that can showcase all your performances, video clips, photos during actual events, your supplementary materials, testimonials from happy participants, and where they can catch you. People nowadays always resort to searching the Internet about people, places, and services. If you do not have a great website, people will not attempt to call or inquire from you. Remember, you are competing against a number of websites prepared by the famous and renowned motivational speakers. Be prepared to invest on this – time, money and effort.

It would be best to hire a professional web designer who can customize your site for you and your audience. You need it especially if you do not know anything about web creations and designs even there are ready-made templates available.

Determine the ways on how you can market your services and skills to speakers’ bureaus and meeting planners. Again, prepare yourself. These people do not know anything about you if you do not tell them, especially if you are at a stage of establishing yourself in the industry. They have the track record of life coaches who are years ahead of you.

Attend the meetings of National Speakers Association. They bring professional speakers who can provide you important information about marketing, presentation skills, business tools, best practices, social media advances, technology needs, and ethics. Search websites who do this for a living. They are excellent sources of tips and strategies.

Do not go into this business just to earn lots of money. Have a mindset that you are there to provide tremendous value to your audience more than what they have paid for. If you make lots of money out of it, that is great!

Finally, do not quit your day job, at least while you are starting.

There are lots of things that you need to know before you become a great and effective motivational speaker. The above list is just a start for you to follow and apply. This career involves practice, training, skill, and continuous improvement.

Keynote speaker The over-all reputation of motivational speakers should precede them like how lightning precedes thunder.

The Ultimate Guide in Choosing Flowers to Comfort

Flower arrangement for funeral services is an ancient tradition of anointing the dead with herbs and flowers. Nowadays, flowers are placed on top of the casket or in the actual grave site. Flowers remind the grieving family and friends of the beautiful life led by the departed.

Though flowers are not mandatory in funeral services, they always give that pleasant sense of comfort and warmth to those who were left behind. They express sympathy and love for the family.

Floral arrangements greatly vary according to the family’s spiritual beliefs or background ethnicity. When sending your flowers to the bereaved, include your first and last name on the card to avoid any confusion for the survivors.

funeralFlowers should be at the funeral home before the wake or visiting hours and before the family arrives. You can send a wreath, a flower stand, or even potted plants. Potted plants are slowly becoming popular these days because they represent continued life and growth.

Flower arrangements in funeral services come in several types. There are etiquettes for flower arrangement that are based on the degree of your relationship or closeness to the person.

The large floral arrangements that usually adorn the top of the casket are reserved for those who are truly closest to the deceased. Most likely, they are from the immediately family.

If you had a close personal relationship with the deceased, you may choose to send any floral arrangement. Choose flowers that speak of their legacy and personality. Consult the one who manages the funeral first if you are unsure of the suitability of the flowers.

If you are not personally acquainted with the person but closely associated with the family, you may appropriately send a flower basket as a gift. Children who are close relatives also have a role. Instead of flowers, they can help put floral pillows on the casket before the body is placed inside. Regrettably, if the deceased is a child, you can send flowers arranged as children’s toys.

There may be some local florists who personally know the deceased. It is apt to ask them for advice on flower choices. They can also offer some trends and local traditions on floral choices.

You can choose from several arrangements aside from cut flowers, container arrangements, or baskets, which are commonly used in funeral services. Floral wreaths are acceptable gifts. The circular form of the wreath symbolizes the eternal life that awaits the departed. Sprays are flowers that can only be viewed from a single side. Occasionally, small flowers or mini-floral sprays are placed in the casket.

Popular flowers on the market for this occasion are chrysanthemums, carnations, roses, lilies, and gladiolas. You can choose their color according to the meaning they symbolize. White and blue flowers represent peace and comfort. White lilies are especially comforting flowers in these times. Even the types of flowers signify the message you want to convey to the deceased and his family.

Here is a brief list you can choose from:

•Camelia is for appreciation.

•White chrysanthemum is for truth while red chrysanthemum is for love.

•Apple blossom signifies that better things are yet to come.

•Daisy and lilacs are for innocence.

•Ferns are for sincerity.

•Daffodils are for warm regard.

•Forget-me-nots are appropriate for remembrance and love.

•Flowering almonds and snowdrops are best in conveying hope.

•Irises and tulips are for affection.

•Ivy, violets, and lemon blossoms symbolize perpetual fidelity.

•Orange blossoms are for purity.

•Rosemary is for remembrance.

Don’t forget to take into account the culture and religious beliefs of the grieving family. Some religious guidelines only allow certain flowers or arrangements and some find flowers inappropriate during a funeral service. For example, Eastern Orthodox values white flowers the most in a memorial service. Some Islamic funerals won’t allow you to bring flowers. Flowers are not part of the Hindu funeral practice, but they are not discouraged.

Always consider flowers that may be well received by the mournful. They are gifts to offer affection and sympathy but not discomfort. The key is to respect their rules and practices. A funeral is a time for peaceful consolation and fond remembrance and flowers will help you express your respect and love.

How An Article Writer Can Change Your Content For The Better

There are a lot of stubborn webmasters out there. People set up websites and want to do it all on their own. They want to become the designer, the content manager, the SEO expert and so much more. There’s nothing wrong with wanting to be a “jack of all trades”. However, when that gets in the way of your success, you are going to find yourself ranking below many of the websites that you are competing with. Instead of turning into one of those webmasters, perhaps it’s best to let these options get worked out by a professional grade solution. A better solution overall is going to allow you to gain the upper hand in regards to your page’s influence online. That means that you will need to let someone take the reins in regards to article marketing as well as other elements of content. If you’re not a great article writer, you don’t have to be, there are options to explore that can help your page get there.

Revamping Existing Content Pages

Assuming you already have a website up and running, you are going to need to look into a variety of different elements overall. Take a look at the competition that you are targeting. Once you do that, you’ll see what they are working with, and you could compete with them head on. Most people don’t realize how powerful this solution is at first glance. When you look at competing, you’re going to need to work with article writing that promotes your pages through marketing channels that are indirect. For instance, if you want to get ranked higher within search engines, you will need to isolate the pages that you want to rank high for, and use the right words. The right words will bring a deluge of traffic, and that’s the goal.

Article writerUnless you’re revamping pages on your own, and you’re getting traction, you’re missing out. In order to make moves online, you are going to need to look into hiring an article writer to help.Even if it’s just one time, you will see a huge difference between your work and what professionals can do with your branding.

Flooding The Market

One of the standalone options of SEO is considered “flooding the marketplace”. How does this work? Well, you are going to need to hire an article writer that gets “it”. They will know how to compile content that is not only optimized for optimization in the short term, it’s going to work in the long term as well. Once that’s done, you’re going to need to look into creating compelling elements that will help you down the line. For instance, let’s assume that you hired a writer to create 20 articles. Once they are sent to you, you’re going to need to publish them across several platforms. When you do that, you will end up with a positive thing. That’s 20 pages of content that can help your brand establish a contention to the competitors that you have around you. When you flood the market with “good” content, search engines will factor that in, rank you higher, and test the waters as to whether or not your bounce rate and responsive design flow works out well for the end user.

Building A Bridge of Trust

Skepticism reigns on the web right now. Post just about anything and you’re going to find yourself completely flabbergasted by the number of issues that you are going to run into. The reason being is that the internet world is full of scams. There’s spam, scams, and so much more online. To separate yourself from that, you’ll need to create positive content. The content has to be real, and needs to read as something that was written by a real person. If you do not hire an article writer, good luck reaching the masses with a trustworthy voice. You need to look at this carefully because when you build a site, you are going to need to ensure that the public trusts you. Without that trust, you will not get conversions. That’s why marketing with articles is so important, especially when you need to change things up after posting options beforehand.

For those that aren’t sure how to work forward with an article writer, test it out once. Purchase several articles and then use them as publishing elements for marketing. You can go through various directories or use them on your blog or website. When they are in place, you are going to end up seeing a push in terms of traffic. When others see that your content is good, they’ll link to it, and your site will become an anchor in your niche. The more anchors and references you have in place, the higher your rankings will go, and that’s a positive thing. Just test it once, and see how it works.

www.99centarticles.com offers article writer that takes pride in being considered some of the best article writing service and marketers online.

Methods of Holding Golf Grips: Pros and Cons

There are times when one mistake on a certain key aspect can affect the entire gameplay. Well, among these crucial fundamentals though, the grip is most important. Aside from the golf grips, the gripping style must also be paid attention to in order to perform good swings.

The way a person holds the golf grips affects almost everything each time he or she swings the golf club. This is the reason why professional golfers claim that it is more important than posture, stance or alignment. This might be quite confusing to beginners though since there are lots of methods to do it right and just as many methods to do it incorrectly. In some instances, what is right for someone can be wrong for another.

Professional golfers also claim that for each golf grip method indicated on the textbooks, there are golfers whose griping styles defy whatever is written. The overlapping method and the interlocking grip are some of these gripping methods that are seemingly the opposite of one another. However, they are being used by professional golfers.

It is puzzling to sort out everything that goes into the golf grips but the moment you learn what is best for you and for the condition you are in, your golf performance can dramatically improve. This list includes weak, neutral and strong types of golf gripping methods along with the noteworthy professional golfers who use them. By studying their pros and cons, you can improve your swings and prevent the potential drawbacks.

Interlocking Grip

Put your right pinky finger in between your left index and middle finger to lock your hands together. This is how the interlocking grip is formed. Bubba Watson, Rory McIlroy and Tiger Woods are some professional golf players who use this method. Golfers with small hands are recommended to use this. It cuts down excessive movements on the wrist and the hands. A golfer who applies this does not have to squeeze hard in order to hold the handle firmly. This reduces the tension that kills the swings.

The con of interlocking grip is that it can be uncomfortable for some. Others also find it awkward. There are also some golfers who just don’t feel that it can improve their swing because it disables their wrists and hands from moving freely.

Overlapping Grip

Most professional golfers choose overlapping grip. One of the reasons is that this golf gripping method is more comfortable compared to the interlocking grip.English golfer Harry Vardon was the one who popularized this golf gripping method. By placing your right pinky finger on the top of the small space between your middle and index fingers of the left hand, you can form this golf grip. Matt Kuchar and Ben Hogan are some of the professional golfers who use this method.

Golf gripsIf you have large and strong hands, you are prone to overlap. This grip does not prevent the movement of the hands and it provides the needed unity between them. A golfer who uses this golf gripping method is free to move his or her hands and through this, a full golf club release can be done. This can help when powerful shots are needed.

This method is not meant for golfers who have small hands since they can find the golf club hard to control when overlapping. Golfers with strong hands can also have “handsy” swings because of gaining too much movement freedom.

Neutral Grip

This method aligns the clubface and the hands directly. Due to this, it is considered as the ideal grip position. If two knuckles are visible on your left hand, your golf grip is considered neutral. Nicklaus and Ernie Els apply this method. You can keep the clubface square to your line of target throughout the swing without having to manipulate anything if your other fundamentals are in order. This gripping method does not cause hooks or slices by itself. By hitting draws and fades, you should find it easy to guide the ball in either direction.

There are some golfers who are uncomfortable in doing neutral grip. It also seems unnatural to others. Despite this, this grip has no real drawbacks.

Weak Grip

This method gained its name from the fact that the hands of the one using it is rotated to the left of the handle. Some people mistakenly believe that it has something to do with the firmness of the grip. The form of this grip only shows one knuckle on the left hand at address.

Curtis Strange and Corey Pavin use this grip. If you are fighting a hook, you can cure it with the help of this grip. Through this, you can hit the ball higher with additional backspin while keeping the clubface open. The problem is that it could be hard for you to release the golf club properly and it can also cause slices. Lots of players are not comfortable when their arm is restricted from rotating.

Knowing how to hold your golf grips is essential to become successful. Through this guideline, you can already determine which golf gripping method to use on each shot.

18 Awe-inspiring Modifications to a Movable Cubicle

Some people believe that no matter how many changes that a movable cubicle will undergo, it will never change the fact that it can only transport and store materials without maintaining their qualities. This perception isn’t true, especially if the cubicle has one or more of the these 18 modifications:

1. Shelves

Movable CubicleThey keep dry and refrigerated materials off the floor. Shelves keep those materials organized in a movable cubicle. Easier accessibility to materials and greater air circulation will occur because materials are not stacked on top of one another. Meshed shelves can accommodate spill from perishable drinks. Heavy duty shelves can lift plenty or heavy materials for a long time. Lightweight shelves can raise light or few items. However, they can function as heavy duty shelves for a short time.

2. Workbenches

These tables are where packing and unpacking of shelved items are done. Workbenches with mesh allow spillage from liquid or wet goods. These tables can either be fixed or moved in a movable cubicle from one area to another.

3. Alarm system

This system produces an audible signal that can alert people of a possible break-in and theft. It usually happens after a thief is able to unlock the lock.

4. HVAC system

This system includes heating, ventilation, and air conditioning to control internal temperature. It is typically used for cubicles that are divided into multiple sections. Residential applications aren’t suitable for this system.

5. Lock box

This simple lock hides and protects the padlock from being cut by bolt cutters. It’s welded to the cubicle’s doors for easy access.

6. Window

This modification allows people to check inside the movable cubicle for missing items without going inside.

7. Personnel door

This door is commonly used for residential and industrial applications because of its resemblance to an ordinary door. An industrial personnel door can secure stored items because it is constructed out of steel. A residential personnel door is cheaper because it is manufactured from wood.

8. LED light

This light only needs to be attached to a small battery for it to illuminate the cubicle’s interior. It is suitable for cubicles that don’t have access to electricity or are placed in isolated areas.

9. Flood light

This light brightens the area surrounding the cubicle. Some cubicles have flood lights that are mounted with alarm systems.

10. Receptacles

These lights require 110 volts of energy to function properly. They usually come with two or four power outlets. Receptacles can be shown or flush mounted on the cubicle’s interior wall panels.

11. Refrigeration

This allows the cubicle to electronically control interior cold temperatures to store perishable goods.

12. Rooftop turbine vents

These are the cheapest vents that can be mounted on the cubicle’s roof. They don’t require power to function. They control the amount of airflow in the cubicle.

13. Overhead light

This light contains a 2-bulb florescent fixture. 20-feet cubicles typically have two overhead lights. 40-feet cubicles commonly have four overhead lights.

14. Skylight

This illuminates the cubicle’s interior from the ceiling. It gets its light source from the sun.

15. Side doors

These doors allow items with larger widths to be loaded and unloaded in the cubicle.

16. Fiberglass insulation

This contains a plywood-framed or a wood-framed interior with a fiberglass insulation value of R-13. Its surface is either fireproof or waterproof and it is easy to clean.

17. Partitions

They separate items from other compartments that will be used for other applications. For example, one part of the cubicle will be used for storing office supplies and the other part will be used as an office workspace.

18. Security bars

These bars prevent thieves from entering the cubicle through the window or skylight.These are 18 modifications that a movable cubicle can have.

Printed Circuit Boards: A Brief History and Components

Printed circuit boards, also known as printed wiring boards or printed wiring cards, are parts of an electronic device which connect its internal components together to create a circuit, which makes the whole device function. This is commonly seen in computers but can also be found in any other device that uses electricity. To find out what a circuit board looks like, all you just need to do is look at a computer’s motherboard.

printed circuit boardsWhen printed circuit boards were created, it had solved the issue of complex circuitry with electronic components. To find out when it was first used, it can be stated that it started around the 1900’s. Back in 1925, Charles Ducan was able to submit a patent for an electronic pattern that was printed onto an insulated board. It was in 1943 that Paul Eisler was able to build one of the first circuit boards.

Before printed circuit boards were widely used, “point-to-point construction” was the technology found in contemporary electronic devices. This is where each component of an electronic device was painstakingly connected with wires from one part to another. These devices were bulky and would easily breakdown. When repairing such a device back then, it would call for replacing either the connecting sockets for each component, or replacing the wire connecting them, or both. Wires were sensitive that time and the insulation for each wire was not as sturdy compared to the wires now. Some of the first devices that used circuit boards were the gramophones and radios built during the 1920’s.

Manufacturers would use wood as the board and they would rivet the electronic components in place on one side and then run the wires on the other side of the board. During the 1950’s and 1960’s, the use of www.pcbnet.com was then known and a few patents were filed to further improve their efficiency. With the initial designs, the circuits were placed only on one side of the board, but eventually, multilayer boards, or a board with more than one printed circuit on it, were created.

A typical circuit board would have a hole in it where an electronic component would fit in place. This is called a Plated-Through Hole. Once the component is in place, it is then soldered either by hand or by machine to secure it. Each hole would have a copper ring around it, called an annular ring.

When two circuit boards need to be connected to each other, a section of the board is set where part of the copper pattern is exposed. These are called “fingers” and are always located at the edge of the board. They would then be pushed into connectors that are installed in the other circuit board, just like how components of a computer are attached to a motherboard. If the circuit board needs to be cut in a certain place, manufacturers would place a V-score or a “mouse bite” on the board. These are partial cuts on the board so that anyone can snap off one part of the board cleanly and easily.

A solder mask is placed over the circuit board to protect the copper paths that are already printed onto it. The solder masks are what gives the circuit boards its typical green colour, though some boards may be red. The solder mask also protects the board from accidental solder jumps, or when an extra solder suddenly connect two copper circuits accidentally.

For some components that cannot be installed through holes, some boards would have a slot put on the board itself. This is typically used if the connecting part is not rounded. A silkscreen layer is used to give a label to each part of the board. The labels are usually white so that they can easily be read.

Buying Facebook Likes: The Power of a Like

A Facebook Like is the most powerful thing any Facebook user has at their disposal. Although most people view a Like as nothing more than a click, to the person whose post you Liked it means so much more. A Like can possibly set-off a chain reaction that will further a cause, raise a business to the next level, or simply get someone to win a competition. Simply put, it generates traffic for your page, which will result in more people knowing about it.

But how does a simple click on the word “Like” do this? Before that question is answered, it’s best to define what it means to “Like” something.

Liking something, as defined by Facebook, lets someone know that you enjoy what they posted without leaving a comment. Although there are people prone to “overliking,” i.e. Liking a post as well as leaving a comment that they Like it, most people are content with simply hitting that Like button. Once you Like a post, it is shown to your friends who, if they are friends with whoever posted what you Liked, they can Like that post as well, or leave a comment. Thus, it generates what internet experts refer to as “traffic” and interest in that post increases. The same can be said for Liking a Page. When you like a Page, you instantly subscribe to that Page’s updates (you do have the option of not subscribing to page updates).

When Facebook sees that your Page has a lot of Likes, it starts to generate ways for your Page to gain even more. If you’ve paid for advertising from Facebook, more Likes on your page means Facebook gives you more bang for your buck: it cranks out more advertisements in favor of your Page. People see the ad, they click the ad and it does whatever you chose your ad to do for your Page. If you’re running a business, this means more people get to see your products and/or services, resulting in more people inquiring and eventually availing of your products and/or services. This idea of generating traffic has given rise to something that people are starting to take advantage of: the idea of buy Facebook Likes.

Buy Facebook Likes is an idea that’s similar to paid advertising. You find a company, get them to get people to say something good about your product or service, show it to the rest of the population, and hope against hope that people like your product just from seeing your advertisement. The idea of buy Facebook Likes, however, takes it one step further.

Instead just having people gain interest on your Page by merely leading them to it, when you buy Facebook Likes it literally gives your like counter an instant boost, anywhere from 25 to 2,500, and for some companies, probably even more.

Remember the idea of generating more traffic through Likes? This concept takes advantage of that and creates a virtual win-win situation for you and the company you paid to get you those likes. You get more attention sent to your Page thanks to the boost in your number of Likes, and the company gets paid for it. The company that gave you your instant boost in Likes also gains something else: with your success, they can get more people to use their services, thus making them even more successful.
The idea behind the Facebook Like was novel to begin with, but no one could have foreseen how much power it would hold, especially for the world of advertising. It’s no wonder there are a lot more people trying to capitalize on the simple act of clicking “Like” on a Page to earn money.